How a DAO for a bank or financial institution will look
- Decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs)
Decentralized autonomous organizations, or DAOs, are digital organizations powered by decentralized technologies that operate without the need for a central authority.
DAOs are built on distributed ledger technologies (DLTs) such as blockchain technology and are designed to be transparent, secure and efficient. They offer a new way of organizing business and governance models that could potentially disrupt traditional organizations.
2. Benefits of DAOs
DAOs have many applications and are particularly well-suited for financial institutions and banks.
By eliminating the need for a centralized authority, DAOs help organizations become more efficient and reduce costs. Other benefits include:
- Decentralization: No single person or group can influence the organization’s future to serve its own interests.
- Transparency: DAOs can be audited anytime as all transactions are verifiable through a public ledger, thus building trust and preventing corruption.
- Security: A DAO’s smart contract code undergoes testing and validation before deployment, and all transactions are recorded on a public ledger. This makes them less vulnerable to malicious attacks and fraud.
- Efficiency: Automation and smart contracts help lower costs and speed up decision-making by eliminating paperwork and reducing human intervention.
3. What is a DAO in banking?
DAOs can help banks address common problems and streamline internal workflows by moving to a blockchain-based architecture.
Banks and financial institutions are some of the most centralized organizations in the world. A small group controls them, and their activities are often opaque. This centralization can make these firms susceptible to corruption, fraud, and mismanagement.
Since DAOs embody the characteristics of blockchain-based technology such as decentralization, transparency and security, they could assist in addressing the said issues.
A DAO for a bank or financial institution will be able to offer secure and efficient services without the need for a brick-and-mortar infrastructure, relying instead on DLT.
4. How can DAOs benefit banks and financial institutions?
DAOs may help restore trust in the banking system, which according to recent studies, has plummeted to a low of 29% post-pandemic. If banks wish to remain in their customers’ good graces, they must offer more than just great rates and products. They need to rebuild the trust.
Fintech is a broad category that includes any technology used to provide financial services, from mobile banking apps to online lending platforms. Technically, FinTech and banks need not be mutually exclusive. In fact, many banks are now turning to fintech solutions to address various problems. One such option is DAO, which benefits both the banks and their customers.
5. How do DAOs work for a bank-like business model?
DAOs can provide several services for banks, including asset management, compliance and lending.
Banks today are already using blockchain technology for things like payment, clearing and settlement, trade finance, identity and syndicated loans, according to The Financial Times. However, there are still many unexplored areas in banking where a DAO-based model might be useful:
- Loans and Credit
- Trade Finance
- Customer KYC and Fraud Prevention
6. Structure of a DAO in banking and financial institutions
Since DAOs don’t prescribe to traditional physical or hierarchical structures, it will likely look different within a financial institution compared to the standard centralized model. Banks will most probably preserve a certain type of structure or hierarchy as required by law and regulations even as they adopt DAO. In actual business operations, however, a DAO can be organized in several ways.
This token will power the smart contracts and give its holders a say in how the DAO is run. Using a token also opens up the possibility for a DAO to raise capital through an ICO, which could fund the development of new products and services.
As for the DAO’s governance model, it can follow the structure of several DAOs like ConstitutionDAO, JuiceboxDAO, Ethereum Name Service DAO and Friends With Benefits DAO. To read more about governance models in DAOs, check out our DAO governance models: A beginner’s guide.
7. The impact of DAOs in banking and financial institutions
The adoption of DAOs in banking and financial institutions will profoundly impact the way these organizations are managed.
DAOs can help rebuild customer trust in banks, especially in an increasingly digital age where customer expectations have changed. Applying DAO governance models in banks may just be what the industry needs to bridge the gap between fintech and established financial institutions.
In addition, DAOs can support banks in tapping into new markets and customer segments. The remittance market, for instance, is currently underserved by traditional financial institutions. With DAOs, banks could reach these customers through innovative products and services.
8. Global banking network as a DAO
If blockchain technology is widely adopted within the financial industry, it is not hard to imagine a future in which banks are run as DAOs. In such a scenario, bank management would be decentralized, with power vested in the hands of the network’s members.
Furthermore, the adoption of DAOs will likely result in a more equitable distribution of power within banks and financial institutions. It could lead to a more democratic form of governance, one that can better meet the needs of all stakeholders, including customers, employees and shareholders.
A global banking DAO would also mean transparency across the board, lower fees and increased public access to financial services. Until then, what remains to be seen is how quickly these organizations will embrace this new model of governance.